VISION, MISSION AND OBJECTIVES OF BUSINESS
*Shanmukha Rao. Padala **Dr. N. V.S. Suryanarayana
The leveraging of a firm’s internal resources, capabilities and core competencies to accomplish the firm’s vision, mission and objectives in a competitive environment is ‘Strategic Intent’. It is about winning competition battles and gaining leadership position by putting organizational resources to best use. When established effectively, a strategic intent can cause people to turn out excellent performance. Strategic intent is said to exist when all employees and levels of a firm are committed to the pursuit of a specific but significant performance target. The intent can take the form of a broad vision or mission statement or a more focused route covering specific objectives and goals. In a way, thus, strategic intent tries to establish the parameters that shape the values, motives and actions of people throughout their organization.
Based on the Strategic Intent is the organizations provide products and services for consumers, profits for investors, jobs for employees, taxes for governments, and economic stability for the communities. Strategic intent also identifies the commitment of the oraganisation to contribute to the welfare of society by setting standards on being economically productive and socially responsible. The goals identified through the strategic intent of the organization represent a synthesis and demands placed on the organization by its stakeholders these choices, collectively, set apart the organization from others.
The most important characteristics of successful organizations are their clarity of purpose, adherence to their core values, their distinct identity and their vision of the organization. In practice there will always be limits on the range of possible choices. Small enterprises tend to be limited by their resources, whereas large enterprises may find their range of choice limited because it is difficult to change quickly and therefore, they tend to be constrained by their past. In the public sector, strategic choices may be made at a political level and the role of the manager may be limited to devising best to implement strategies rather than on fundamental choices of future direction. Wherever may be the limitations on choices, organizations have to co-exist in competitive markets by contributing to economic progress by creating new value to society, each organization doing so in its own way.
Strategic analysis, strategic choice and strategy implementation are the three parts of the Strategic Management. Strategic choice is concerned with decisions about the organisation’s future and the way it needs to respond to the influences and impacts identified in strategic analysis. Choice becomes an idle exercise if the strategy is not properly implemented. These three divisions, therefore, form a closed loop in which the tail and the head are often indistinguishable.
We will generally follow the conventional framework based on these divisions. However, for pedagogical simplicity, in this chapter, we will begin our foray into hard-core strategic management by discussing strategic intent- through strategic intent is considered to be a past of strategic choice. We will start with the vision, mission and objectives as well as value …